Little White House and 10-foot user interface

For the house used by Harry S. Truman in Key West, Florida, see Harry S. Truman Little White House.

The Little White House, in the Warm Springs Historic District in Warm Springs, Georgia, was Franklin Delano Roosevelt's personal retreat. He first came to Warm Springs for polio treatment, and liked the area so much that, as Governor of New York, he had a home built on nearby Pine Mountain. The house was finished in 1932. Roosevelt kept the house after he became President, using it as a Presidential retreat.

The Little White House was the site of President Roosevelt's death. The house was opened to the public as a museum in 1948. A major attraction of the museum is the portrait that artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff was painting of him when he died, now known as the "Unfinished Portrait." It hangs near a finished portrait that Shoumatoff completed later from sketches and memory.

Little White House Historic Site is operated by the State of Georgia and is also known as Roosevelt's Little White House Historic Site.

Contents 1 History 2 Current 3 References 4 External links

§History Floor plan Walk of Flags and Stones. Bedroom where Roosevelt died.

Residents of Georgia, particularly Savannah, Georgia, began spending vacations at Bullochville, Georgia in the late 18th century as a way to escape yellow fever, finding the number of warm springs in the vicinity of Bullochville very attractive. In the late 19th century traveling to the warm springs was attractive as a way to get away from Atlanta. Traveling by railroad to Durand, Georgia, they would then go to Bullochville. One of the places benefiting from this was the Meriwether Inn. Once the automobile became popular in the early 20th century, the tourists began going elsewhere, starting the decline of the Meriwether Inn.

In 1921 Franklin Delano Roosevelt contracted what was thought at the time to be polio. One of the few things that seemed to ease his pain was immersion in warm water, and while in said water to bathe and engage in physical exercise. His first time in Warm Springs, Georgia, was October 1924. He went to a resort in the town whose attraction was a permanent 88-degree natural spring, but whose main house was described as "ramshackle". Roosevelt bought the resort and the 1,700-acre (6.9 km2) farm surrounding it in 1927 (the resort would become known as the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation). Five years later in 1932, after winning the presidency for the first time, he ordered a six-room Georgia pine house to be built on the property. This house was FDR’s retreat throughout his presidency and became known as the Little White House. In total, he made sixteen trips to the Little White House during his presidency, usually spending two to three weeks at a time, as it took a day to reach Warm Springs from Washington D.C. by train.

The Little White House was a six-room Colonial Revival structure made of Georgia pine. Three of the rooms were bedrooms: one for Roosevelt, one for his wife Eleanor Roosevelt, and one for his personal secretary. The other rooms were an entrance hall, a living room, and a kitchen. Access to the Little White House was from an unpaved road that now only exist in parts. The garage-servant's quarters was built in 1932, followed by the single-story frame cottage that served as a guesthouse in 1933, and finally a cottage for Georgia Wilkins in 1934. Wilkins' family was the original owner of the property.

Roosevelt would use the Little White House as a base to replace Georgia politicians who refused to follow his policies. This was most notable in 1938 when Roosevelt tried and failed to have United States Senator Walter George replaced with a Roosevelt loyalist, even though both were Democrats.

World War II did affect Roosevelt's time at the Little White House. The only year he did not go to the Little White House was 1942, as he was preoccupied by the beginnings of US involvement in World War II. It is believed that he vacationed as much as he did in 1943-1945 at the Little White House because his real love for vacations, sailing on the Atlantic, was too dangerous to do during wartime, even if it was just on inland waterways like the Chesapeake Bay or the Potomac River. One major change was that soldiers from Fort Benning were stationed at the Little White House to patrol the woods surrounding the farm.

His last trip to the Little White House was on March 30, 1945. He felt he did not achieve enough rest at his Hyde Park home. According to some observers at Warm Springs, Roosevelt looked "ghastly". and his usual cordial waves to the residents were weak. Unlike his previous visits, he avoided the swimming pool he used to comfort himself in previous trips. On April 12, 1945, FDR was sitting for a portrait at the Little White House when he suffered a stroke. Roosevelt died two hours later of cerebral hemorrhage.

Most of Roosevelt's property was willed to Georgia Warm Springs Foundation, which gained control of all the properties in 1948 except for the Georgia Wilkins Cottage, which Wilkins lived in until her 1959 death. Both John F. Kennedy in 1960 and Jimmy Carter in 1976 used the property for their campaigns to become president; Carter even launched his campaign there. §Current

Today the Little White House is part of Georgia's state park system and is open to visitors; it has been preserved to look almost exactly as it did the day FDR died. Items on display at the facility, besides the Unfinished Portrait, include his customized 1938 Ford convertible (in the museum. It was housed in the garage.) and his stagecoach.

On August 9, 2011, the McCarthy Cottage & the E.T. Curtis Cottage next to the Little White House were destroyed in a fire. The cause is being investigated but suspicion is being focused on lightning and thunderstorms that were in the area at the time. §

10-foot user interface and Little White House

Kodi Entertainment System (Confluence skin) home screen user interface, showing an example of a vertical 10 ft. user interface design XBMC Media Center (PM3.HD skin) home screen user interface, showing an example of a horizontal 10 ft. user interface design The interface used in the third generation Apple TV series featured a rounded rectangle tile interface.

In computing, a 10-foot user interface (also sometimes referred to as "10 foot UI", "10 foot interface", "10 foot experience", or "10 foot design") is a graphical user interface for large televisions, with ergonomical display elements (menus, buttons, text fonts, etc.) easily read from a distance of 10 feet (3 meters), and controlled using a regular television style remote control. The minimum core buttons are designed for simplicity and clarity.

Contents 1 Overview 2 Design 3 See also 4 References

§Overview Common setting for the 10 foot user interface is a home theater or living room with surround sound speaker setup. The distance between viewer and TV varies, but is typically 10 foot with a 32 inch or larger big-screen television display.

10 foot interfaces are used by devices or software applications dedicated to its user interface being displayed on a television. Television here is defined to be a typical living room television experience, meaning displayed on a big screen, where the user is sitting far away from it, and the dominant form of input will be something like a D-pad on a remote control, (with only up, down, left, and right buttons), not through touch or mouse. §Design

"Ten foot" is used to differentiate the GUI style from those used on desktop computer screens, which typically assume the user's eyes are less than two feet (60 cm) from the display. The 10 foot GUI is almost always designed to be operated by simple a hand-held remote control. The 10-foot user-interface has extra large buttons with menu fonts that are easily read and navigated.

This difference in distance from the screen has a huge impact on the interface design compared to typical desktop computer interaction when the user is sitting at a desk with a computer monitor, and using a mouse and keyboard (or perhaps a joystick device for video games) which is sometimes referred to as a "2-foot user interface". Ten-foot interfaces may resemble other post-WIMP systems graphically, due to a similar paucity of pixels, but do not assume the use of a touch screen.

The goal of 10 foot user interface design is normally to make the user's interaction as simple and efficient as possible, trying to achieve a more laid-backed/lean-backed and relaxed user experience with as few button presses as possible while still having an intuitive layout, in terms of accomplishing user goals—what is often called user-centered design. Good user interface design facilitates finishing the task at hand without drawing unnecessary attention to itself. Graphic design may be utilized to support its usability, however the design process must balance technical functionality and visual elements (e.g., mental model) to create a system that is not only operational but also usable and adaptable to changing user needs. §See also Smart TV List of smart TV platforms and middleware software Interactive television Industrial design Experience design User interface User experience design User-centered design User interface engineering Interaction design Human-Machine Interface Emotional Design Experience design Graphical user interface Human-computer interaction Human interface guidelines Icon design Interaction design Interaction design pattern Interaction technique Interaction Flow Modeling Language (IFML) Natural mapping (interface design) Participatory design Principles of user interface design §
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