Jim Allen (playwright) and Thomas G. Pullen

James "Jim" Allen (7 October 1926 – 24 June 1999) was a socialist playwright from Miles Platting, Manchester, Lancashire, best known for his collaborations with Ken Loach.

Contents 1 Early life 2 Politics 3 Writing career 4 Death 5 Filmography 5.1 Television 5.2 Film 5.3 Stage 6 Awards 7 References 8 External links

§Early life

Allen was born in the Miles Platting area of Manchester, Lancashire, on 7 October 1926, the second child of Kitty and Jack Allen, Roman Catholics of Irish descent. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Allen left school at the age of 13 to work in a wire factory. He had various jobs during the war, before being called up into the Army in 1944. He joined the Seaforth Highlanders, and served with the British occupation forces in Germany. After leaving the army in 1947, he worked at a variety of jobs, including a builder's labourer, a fireman in the Merchant Navy, and a miner at Bradford Colliery in Bradford, Manchester. §Politics

During his military service, Allen was imprisoned for assault, where a fellow inmate introduced him to the ideals of Socialism. He was a passionate socialist for the rest of his life, although he detested Stalinism and refused to be associated with the Communist Party of Great Britain. In 1958 Allen joined the Socialist Labour League (SLL, the forerunner of the Workers' Revolutionary Party) led by Gerry Healy, a small group then pursuing entryist tactics within the Labour Party. The SLL objected to the close association between the CPGB and the National Union of Mineworkers, and Allen was a prominent campaigner for the league. In 1962, the Labour Party declared the SLL to be a "proscribed organisation", leading to Allen's expulsion from the party. He subsequently resigned his membership of the league, and was not associated with any recognised political party thereafter. §Writing career

Allen began to write during his time as a miner. In 1958, he was involved in the launch and publication of The Miner, which actively recruited for the SLL. The proscription of the SLL, together with the closed shop system of the time, made it impossible for him to find work in the mining or building trades, and he decided to adopt writing as a full-time profession. In 1964, he submitted a script to Granada TV, and was taken on as a scriptwriter for the soap opera Coronation Street (1965–67), a series for which he had little sympathy. His later play, The Talking Head (1969), recounts the experience of a talented writer driven to a nervous breakdown by the pressure of "episode delivery dates".

Allen's first play, The Hard Word (1966), directed by Ridley Scott, was broadcast as part of the Thirty-Minute Theatre series on BBC 2. It was followed by The Lump (1967), the first fictional work directed by Jack Gold, who had begun his career on documentaries, and broadcast as part of The Wednesday Play drama anthology series. Both plays were based on his experiences in the building trade, and The Lump features an activist worker who frequently quotes Lenin and Jack London, establishing the political nature of Allen's work which was to continue throughout his career.

Allen was introduced to Ken Loach in 1967 by Loach's regular collaborator at the time, producer Tony Garnett, who had produced The Lump. The first of Allen's plays to be directed by Loach was The Big Flame (1969), again for The Wednesday Play series. The play depicts a strike among the dockers of Liverpool, led by a Trotskyite docker against the wishes of the established union; the strike is violently broken by the army and police.

In 1975, Allen wrote, Garnett produced, and Loach directed Days of Hope, Allen's best-known work. A serial of four episodes, it tells the story of the British Labour movement between the end of the Great War in 1918 and the General Strike of 1926. The series' depiction of the British Army was the subject of much hostile criticism in the press at the time.

Allen also wrote five plays (The Rank and File (1971), A Choice of Evils (1977), The Spongers (1978), United Kingdom (1981) and Willie's Last Stand (1982)) for the BBC's Play for Today drama series, and several episodes of the Granada series Crown Court (1975–76).

Allen and Loach's most controversial project was Allen's stage play, Perdition. Presented as a courtroom drama, the play dealt with an allegation of collaboration between Hungarian Zionists and the Nazis during the Holocaust. The play was due to open at the Royal Court Theatre in January 1987, but was cancelled 36 hours before the opening night; the script was read in public at that year's Edinburgh Festival. Lord Goodman wrote in the Evening Standard on 23 January 1987: "Mr Jim Allen's description of the Holocaust can claim a high place in the table of classic anti-Semitism." The work was not produced as a stage play until 1999.

With Loach as director, Allen wrote the screenplays for three feature-length films: Hidden Agenda (1990), which portrays the murder of an American civil rights activist in Belfast, Raining Stones (1993), a kitchen-sink tragicomedy set in Middleton, near Manchester, and, Allen's final dramatic work, Land and Freedom (1995), telling the story of an idealistic young Communist from Liverpool who joins the Government forces in the Spanish Civil War. §Death

Allen was diagnosed with cancer in February 1999, and died the following June. §Filmography §Television Coronation Street (36 episodes, 2 episodes co-written with John Finch 22 March 1965 – 15 May 1967) Thirty Minute Theatre (2 episodes; "The Hard Word" (1966), "The Punchy and Fairy" (1973)) The Wednesday Play (2 episodes; "The Lump" (1967), "The Big Flame" (1969)) The Gamblers (1 episode, "The Man Beneath" (1967)) Half Hour Story (1 episode, "The Pub Fighter" (1968)) ITV Sunday Night Theatre (1 episode, "The Talking Head" (1969)) Play For Today (5 episodes; "The Rank and File" (1971), "A Choice of Evils" (1977), "The Spongers" (1978), "United Kingdom" (1981), "Willie's Last Stand" (1982)) Days of Hope (1975 serial) Crown Court (7 episodes; "The Extremist (Parts 1-3)" (1975), "Tell the Truth and Shame the Devil (Part 1)" (1975), "Ends and Means (Part 1)" (1975), "Incorrigible Rogue" (1976), "Those in Peril (Part 1)" (1976)) The Gathering Seed (September - October, 1983) §Film Hidden Agenda (1990) Raining Stones (1993) Land and Freedom (1995) §Stage Perdition (1987) §Awards 1975 Broadcasting Press Guild - Days of Hope 1978 Broadcasting Press Guild - The Spongers 1978 Prix Italia, British Broadcasting Corporation - The Spongers 1981 Broadcasting Press Guild - United Kingdom 1990 Winner, Special Jury Prize, Cannes Film Festival - Hidden Agenda 1993 Evening Standard British Film Award - Raining Stones 1993 Winner, Special Jury Prize, Cannes Film Festival - Raining Stones 1995 Winner, International Critics Prize, Ecumenical Jury Prize, Cannes Film Festival - Land and Freedom §

Thomas G. Pullen and Jim Allen (playwright)

Thomas Granville Pullen Jr. (1898–1979) was the fifth president of the University of Baltimore from 1964 to 1969. Prior to that, he acted as state superintendent of schools for Maryland from 1942 to 1964.

Contents 1 Early life 2 Military service 3 Career 3.1 Teaching 3.2 Superintendent of Schools 3.3 University of Baltimore 4 Other activities 5 References

§Early life

Pullen was a son of a Methodist Minister and graduate of Randolf-Macon college. Dr. Pullen attended public schools in Virginia. On February 1, 1914 at age 15 Pullen attended William & Mary Academy in preparation to attend the College of William & Mary. Pullen graduated from William & Mary Phi Beta kappa in 1917.

Pullen pledged to teach in the public schools for 2 years after graduation. He started as a Latin teacher and later principal of Dinwiddie High School in Dinwiddie county Virginia on the Virginia peninsula for one year before joining the Marine Corps. Thomas Granville Pullen Jr. As a Marine recruit in 1917 §Military service

At the end of the school year pullen enlisted in the United States Marine Corps and sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina.

At this time the Marine Corps was getting a good press coverage and favorable news dispatches from France touting 5th Marines success in driving entrenched German troops from Battle of Belleau Wood. Along with 65,000 other recruits Pullen met another fellow Virginian named Lewis B. Puller. They became lifelong friends, even though their careers took very different directions.

Pullen years later wrote to historian Burke Davis about his 8 weeks as a recruit at Paris Island:

"The days were exceedingly hot and very long and busy, but we could get

together after chow time in the evenings and walk around the limited space available to us"

After recruit training most recruits headed to Europe as part of the Marine Expeditionary Forces. Pullen and his new friend Lewis Puller in September 1918 were assigned to the non-commissioned officer training school at Paris Island as both were college graduates. Before they completed NCO school the armistice was signed ending World War I.

Both Puller and Pullen applied and were accepted to Officer Training Camp starting January 1919 at Marine Barracks Quantico. Pullen graduated June 16, 1919 and appointed to the grade of second lieutenant in the reserves. At graduation Pullen learned that the Marine Corps was returning to peace time level and that they would be returned to civilian life. On June 25, Pullen was turned into inactive status with the marine Corps. Pullen would later say in a letter to Puller we would have preferred to stay on. In a 1960 letter from Pullen to Puller:

"If I had been offered a permanent commission in the Marine Corps immediately after being commisssioned, I should probably have taken it and spent my days in the service...

There is no question that once a Marine Always a Marine"

Lewis B.Puller went on the become possibly the most decorated Marine in History. Pullen is a member of the Maryland American Legion and chairman of americanism group. General member, National Americanism Council, The American Legion. Pullen had a penchant for using Latin Phases and chocolate. §Career §Teaching

Pullen became a Latin teacher and later assistant principal at Martinsville High School, Virginia. Then principal Hampton High School Hampton Virginia. Became head of the English department Newport News High School. In 1926 Pullen moved to Maryland to become principal at Catonsville High School catonsville Maryland. President, Newport News (Virginia) Teachers Association, 1923-25. During the summers of 1927 and 1928 he taught at the University of North Carolina. He attended Teachers College, Columbia University Master of Education (Ed.M.) and Doctor of Education (Ed.D.),.

In 1932 Pullen was appointed Superintendent of Schools in Talbot County. He accepted the Maryland State Supervisor of High Schools in 1936 as part of the Maryland State Department of Education. §Superintendent of Schools

In March, 1942, he was appointed State Superintendent of schools. Pullen was honored by his Alma school in 1946 with an Alumni Medallion. At the end of World War II a post war growth is student population huge growth in teachers, schools, colleges to absorb this growth. During the William Preston Lane, Jr. governorship Pullen was responsible for two hundred new buildings or additions, and the average teacher wages increased 53 percent.

During the post-Sputnik fear that the United States was behind the Soviet education system in terms of math and science Maryland Public Schools. A Columbia University professor of education spoke for some commission and approved the guiding philosophy of Pullen and his predecessor

that teachers were to excite students about learning and shape them for society.

In 1947 Maryland's State Superintendent of Schools Thomas Pullen suggests that the University establish a training school for librarians at College Park in conjunction with the Enoch Pratt Library in Baltimore and is the first suggestion of the establishment of a Library Education program at the University of Maryland school of Education. The University of Maryland awarded Pullen in 1947 L.H.D (Latin: litterarum humanarum doctor) Doctor of Humane Letters degree. After the Supreme Court Handed down on May 17, 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling Pullen a southern gentleman who experienced a segregated south make sure Maryland would no longer allow a segregated public school system. A south leaning newspaper Hopkinsville Kentucky New Era wrote:

Maryland state teachers colleges have bowed to racial integration but

utterances from the Deep South continue the theme of a fight to the finish over the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on the touchy question. And a leader in the national assn. for the Advancement of Colored People called for complete school integration "by not later that September 1956" The Maryland State Board of Education and the Board of Trustees of the teacher colleges met at Baltimore yesterday and unimoulsy adopted a resolution declarring that "racial segregation is hereby abolished" Dr. Thomas G. Pullen, Jr. superindendent of Maryland schools proposed the resolution. The resolution was Maryland's first statewide banishment of the color bar in schools.

In a June 11, 1955 meeting with all of Marylands County Education superintendents Pullen made a stirring appeal abolish racial segregation in Maryland Public Schools:

"I hope and pray that we are not going to have the courts cluttered up with

a lot of cases. This is a matter of goodwill, good spirit and common sense."

Pullen directed the development of educational television, dealt with the school-age population explosion of the 1950s and 60's, and supervised the desegregation of schools. In 1955 the first application was accepted at Frostburg State Teachers College.

He promoted a state-wide system of public libraries and wage improvements for teachers. Pullen moved to have a in-state school for library Science.

Pullen was a strong supporter of a statewide Public/Educational television network state-wide.

During the William Preston Lane, Jr. governorship Pullen was responsible for two hundred new buildings or additions, and the average teacher wages increased 53 percent. A Columbia University professor of education spoke for some commission and approved the guiding philosophy of Pullen and his predecessor — that teachers were to excite students about learning and shape them for society.

Pullen disputed the 1960 Edwin Warfield III "Governor's Commission on the Expansion of the University of Maryland" to keep the state colleges separate from the University of Maryland system thus maintaining independence of the colleges and the University. Even though the Warfield Plan was endorsed by Governor J. Millard Tawes, and the State Comptroller Louis L. Goldstein Pullen and his board kept the schools independent. The June 1962 "The report of the commiisson for the expansion of Public Higher Education in Maryland." The Pullen Commission. §University of Baltimore

Pullen retired from the superintendency and became University President in 1964 bringing with him a new vision of the University of Baltimore's place in the state's educational landscape. That vision included accreditation of academic programs by the regional Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and construction of a new university library and expanded classroom facilities, which he knew would be necessary to obtain accreditation. H. Mebane Turner succeeded to the presidency in 1969. Pullen continued his involvement as a trustee and his goals were realized in the fall of 1971 when the new Academic Center opened and the university received full regional accreditation. §Other activities

Founded the Catonsville Historical association. §
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