Sam Masters and Japanese destroyer Akebono (1930)

Samuel Peter "Sam" Masters (born 23 May 1991) is an Australian motorcycle speedway rider who won the Premier League Riders' Championship in 2011.

Contents 1 Career 2 World Final Appearances 2.1 Individual Under-21 World Championship 2.2 Under-21 World Cup 3 References 4 External links

§Career

Masters was born in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. He began racing at the age of six, initially in dirt-track races, but at the age of eleven followed his uncle and cousins into speedway. After winning the New South Wales Under-16 championship in four consecutive years, and also the Australian under-16 title, he moved into senior competition in 2007. He also represented Australia in the FIM Youth Gold Cup in 2006 and 2007. He signed a contract with Polish team Gorzow, but did not ride competitively for them. In 2009 he was signed by Premier League team the Somerset Rebels for the 2010 season and in 2010 won the New South Wales under-21 title. In December 2010 he was signed by Elite League team King's Lynn Stars in a doubling-up role for the 2011 season. In September 2011 Masters won the Premier League Riders Championship at Sheffield's Owlerton Stadium. He finished the season as Somerset's number one, but missed the end of the season after being banned for 28 days by the Speedway Control Bureau due to comments made on Facebook about a referee. In November an SCB court of enquiry gave Masters a suspended 12-month ban and a GB£2,000 fine.

Masters was a member of the Australian Under-21 team that finished second in the 2012 Under-21 World Cup Final in Gniezno, Poland.

In December 2012 he won the New South Wales Championship at the Loxford Park Speedway in Kurri Kurri. He was later signed for the 2013 Premier League season by Edinburgh Monarchs, but failed to get a work permit to ride in the UK.

In March 2014 Sam eventually joined the Edinburgh Monarchs. Together with dual Australian Under-21 Champion Max Fricke, Sam won the 2014 Premier League Best Pairs at Somerset.

On 29 November 2014, Masters won the 2014/15 Victorian State Championship at the Undera Park Speedway defeating fellow Edinburgh riders Justin Sedgmen and Max Fricke. He then went on to finish second behind a runaway Jason Doyle in the four round 2015 Australian Championship, winning the Rd.3 "A Final" at Undera Park, while finishing second to Doyle in the "A Final" in the fourth and final round at Loxford Park. §World Final Appearances §Individual Under-21 World Championship 2012 - 11th - 37pts §Under-21 World Cup 2012 - Gniezno, Stadion Start Gniezno S.A. - 2nd - 44pts (6) §

Japanese destroyer Akebono (1930) and Sam Masters

For other ships of the same name, see Japanese destroyer Akebono.

Akebono (曙, "Daybreak"?) was the eighteenth of twenty-four Fubuki-class destroyers, built for the Imperial Japanese Navy following World War I. When introduced into service, these ships were the most powerful destroyers in the world. They served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s, and remained formidable weapons systems well into the Pacific War.

Contents 1 History 2 Operational history 2.1 World War II history 3 See also 4 References 5 External links 6 Notes

§History

Construction of the advanced Fubuki-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's expansion program from fiscal 1923, intended to give Japan a qualitative edge with the world's most modern ships. The Fubuki-class had performance that was a quantum leap over previous destroyer designs, so much so that they were designated Special Type destroyers (特型, Tokugata?). The large size, powerful engines, high speed, large radius of action and unprecedented armament gave these destroyers the firepower similar to many light cruisers in other navies. Akebono, built at the Fujinagata Shipyards in Osaka was the seventh in an improved series, which incorporated a modified gun turret which could elevate her main battery of Type 3 127 mm 50 caliber naval guns to 75° as opposed to the original 40°, thus permitting the guns to be used as dual purpose guns against aircraft. Akebono was laid down on 25 October 1929, launched on 7 November 1930 and commissioned on 31 July 1931. Originally assigned hull designation "Destroyer No. 52", she was named Akebono before her launch. §Operational history

On completion, Akebono was assigned to Destroyer Division 7 under the IJN 2nd Fleet. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, from 1937, Ayanami covered landing of Japanese forces in Shanghai and Hangzhou. From 1940, she was assigned to patrol and cover landings of Japanese forces in south China and participated in the Invasion of French Indochina. §World War II history

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Akebono was assigned to Destroyer Division 7 of the IJN 1st Air Fleet, but was unable to participate in the attack due to a damaged propeller, and was held in reserve in Japanese home waters as a guard vessel. Repairs completed by mid-January 1942, Akebono was part of the escort for the aircraft carriers Hiryū and Japanese aircraft carrier Sōryū during air strikes against Ambon. She was later part of the escort for the cruisers Nachi and Haguro during "Operation J" (the Japanese invasion of the eastern Netherlands East Indies). On 1 March, at the Battle of the Java Sea, Akebono assisted in sinking the HMS Exeter (68), HMS Encounter (H10), and USS Pope (DD-225). She returned to Yokosuka Naval Arsenal for repairs at the end of March.

At the end of April, Akebono escorted Myōkō and Haguro to Truk, and subsequently joined Admiral Takeo Takagi's force at the Battle of the Coral Sea. At the end of May, she escorted Zuikaku from Truk back to Kure Naval Arsenal.

During the Battle of Midway in early June, Akebono was part the diversionary force in "Operation AL" that attacked Dutch Harbor, Alaska in the Aleutians campaign, and returned to Yokosuka in early July.

On 14 July, Akebono was reassigned to the Combined Fleet, and escorted the battleship Yamato and aircraft carrier Taiyō at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons on 24 August. Akebono remained assigned to Taiyō through September, and to the aircraft carrier Unyō from October to February 1943. Through the rest of 1943, Akebono continued to serve as an escort for Unyō, Taiyō, Ryūhō, Zuihō or Jun'yō in various missions throughout the Pacific, except for a period in December when she was assigned to "Tokyo Express" transport missions in the Solomon Islands.

On 1 January 1944, Akebono was reassigned to the IJN 5th Fleet. On 14 January, she rescued 89 survivors of torpedoed destroyer Sazanami en route to Truk. Returning to Yokosuka for repairs and refit on 25 January, she was reassigned to Ōminato Guard District for patrols of northern waters through October. However, as the situation continued to deteriorate for Japan in the Philippines, she was re-assigned to Admiral Kiyohide Shima's Diversionary Force at the Battle of Surigao Strait on 24 October. The following day, Akebono rescued about 700 survivors of the heavy cruiser Mogami and then scuttled her with a torpedo.

On 13 November 1944, Akebono, while alongside destroyer Akishimo at Cavite pier near Manila was attacked in a USAAF air raid. A direct bomb hit set both ships ablaze, and the following day a large explosion on Akishimo blew a hole in Akebono, which sank upright in shallow water at position 14°35′N 120°55′E / 14.583°N 120.917°E / 14.583; 120.917Coordinates: 14°35′N 120°55′E / 14.583°N 120.917°E / 14.583; 120.917, with 48 crewmen killed and 43 wounded.

On 10 January 1945, Akebono was removed from the navy list. §See also Akebono class destroyer escort §
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